Since the election of the new government in October 2011, STI policy has received renewed attention in Danish policy. The ambition has been to develop Denmark’s first comprehensive innovation strategy based on collaborative efforts between the involved ministries, i.e. the Ministry of Science, Innovation and Higher Education, the Ministry of Business and Growth and other relevant sectoral ministries, as well as stakeholders from the Danish innovation system. The innovation strategy is the outcome of a strategy process that started in March 2012 and was completed by the end of 2012. A cornerstone of the innovation strategy is the RESEARCH2020 catalogue which was published in June 2012 and contains a presentation of five visions that are intended to represent strategic research horizons to be pursued until the year 2020:
The innovation strategy takes RESEARCH2020 as a starting point, defining priorities and directions for future research efforts.
The vision of the new innovation strategy is that Denmark should become a land of solutions, in which innovative solutions for the grand societal challenges are converted into growth and employment (Danish Government, 2012f). With the new innovation strategy, the Danish government sets a focus on three areas:
Within these focus areas, 27 individual policy initiatives are defined that the government wishes to implement with the start of 2013. In order to measure the effectiveness of the innovation strategy, the Danish government translates the vision of the innovation strategy into the following STI policy goals:
It is worth noting that the research policy goals set out in the innovation strategy aim at a “moving target” in the sense that the goals are oriented towards the “best in class” in terms of innovation performance. If the three goals should be fulfilled in 2013, it would mean both the share of innovative enterprises and their R&D investments should be increased by 15 percent while the share of highly educated employees in the public sector should be increased by 28 percent.
In connection with the new innovation strategy the Danish Government has started a process that led to the creation of the first INNO+ catalogue presented in September 2013 (Danish Government, 2013c). Based on the involvement of a multitude of actors from the innovation system, INNO+ defines 21 concrete areas for research and innovation that are geared towards finding solutions to the grand societal challenges. The catalogue shall be used to prioritise a few, particularly important initiatives in the Budget Bill for 2014. The six most prospective areas are defined as follows:
INNO+ complements the previously introduced RESEARCH2020 initiative in that the catalogue focuses on the innovation policy that results from the prioritisation outlined in RESEARCH2020.